Patterns of (Forced) Migration
Migration is one of the most prominent social, political and economic questions of our time. The most recent figures from UNHCR show that over 68 million people are currently forcibly displaced, often fleeing war and conflict, political repression, colonial occupation, and ‘natural’ disasters, many of which are induced by climate breakdown. Contrary to popular Eurocentric rhetoric, most people who are experiencing displacement live and stay in the Global South, with the majority displaced within their own country. While these statistics denote those ‘forcibly’ displaced, researchers are increasingly questioning the distinction between ‘forced’ and ‘voluntary’ migration. They recognise that many of the almost 250 million people who live outside of their country of birth make migration decisions for multiple, interlocking reasons, embedded in and affected by local, national, regional and international interrelations, institutions, social networks and technologies. Many ‘economic migrants’ are forced to flee due to extreme poverty, while many ‘forced migrants’ become integrated in the economies of their host states.
Accordingly, ABI researchers within this cluster focus on different forms of migration, whether officially labelled as ‘forced,’ ‘voluntary,’ ‘regular,’ or ‘irregular,’ while at the same time questioning these labels, for example by interrogating the ‘voluntariness’ of movements from, within and back to countries of origin. They aim to understand the different forms, causes and consequences of migration within different contexts, and the varied state and non-state responses to the movement of peoples. A key objective of our research is to discern patterns of (forced) migration in, from and back to the Global South at different levels of abstraction. From a macro perspective, ABI researchers study the migration governance of countries hosting ‘refugees’ and ‘economic migrants’ by examining international, state, and non-state actors’ responses. At a meso-level, researchers are interested in understanding the relationship between displacement, migration and conflict. From a micro perspective, with an awareness that the agency of refugees and migrants is often erased, the cluster considers the motivations and perspectives of people on the move, and how they survive, mobilise, and resist the policies to which they are subject.
Contact: Franzisca Zanker
The Making of Municipal Responses to the Presence of Syrian Refugees in Turkey (Working title, Dilshad Muhammad)
Disaster and Urban Disorder in Sub-Saharan Africa – An Analysis under the Impression of Climate Change (Erik Plänitz,completed in 2020)
Violence against Male Refugees – Patterns, Factors and Consequences for Individuals and Communities (Working title, Cita Wetterich)
Lewis Turner (2020), #Refugees can be entrepreneurs too!’ Humanitarianism, race, and the marketing of Syrian refugees, in: Review of International Studies,46(1), pp. 137-155.
Zanker, Franzisca/ Altrogge, Judith (2019), The Political Influence of Return: From Diaspora to Libyan Transit Returnees, in: International Migration, 57(4), pp. 167-180.
Stefan Rother (2018) The Global Forum on Migration and Development (GFMD) as a venue of “state socialization”: A stepping stone for multi-layered migration governance?, Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies early view
Cita Wetterich (2018), Gendered security perspectives of the refugee “crisis” in the British and German Media: a securitization of gender?, ABI Working Paper Series No.9. Freiburg.
Public Outreach (selection)
Cita Wetterich and Dilshad Muhammad, Broadcasting Early Career Voices in Forced Migration Research, Student Special Issue (November 2020)
Stefan Rother, International Labour Migration and Covid-19,Video Podcast Uni Freiburg (November 2020)
Khangelani Moyo and Franzisca Zanker, South Africa’s xenophobic agenda is impeding its coronavirus response (April 2020) African Arguments
Antje Missbach and Franzisca Zanker, The tiny African country making a big case against Myanmar (February 2020) The Lowy Institute
Lewis Turner, Three Years of the Jordan Compact: The (Gendered) Challenges of Providing Work Permits for Syrian Refugees (July 2019) - LSE Middle East Centre Blog
Stefan Rother, Neue Wege der Entwicklungspolitik (September 2018) – Scobel, ZDF
Lewis Turner, Demonising Children at US and European Borders (July 2018) – Al-Jazeera Online
Cluster events (selection)
WAMiG Stakeholder Workshop Summit Accra 21 - 22 November 2019
Migration Governance; Jahrestagung des Arbeitskreises Entwicklung und Verwaltung (AKEV), 26 - 28 September 2019
MIASA Interdisciplinary Fellows Group on Migration, Mobility and Forced Displacement Closing Conference, University of Ghana, 23 - 24 May 2019.
Presidential Regulation No 125 of 2016 on the Treatment of Refugees and Asylum Seekers in Indonesia: Opportunities and Challenges, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, 20 - 21 March 2019
Housing and Integrating Refugees: Innovative Best Practices from around the Globe; Freiburg, 12 - 13 April 2018
Public lectures (selection)
The Masculinities of Humanitarianism: Gendering Humanitarian Policy and Practice, Amsterdam University, 27 February 2020 (Lewis Turner)
The Political Economy of West African Migration Governance, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW), 19 July 2019 (Franzisca Zanker)
Exploring Gendered ‘Vulnerability’: Syrian Refugee Men and Humanitarianism in Urban Jordan, University of Oxford Refugee Studies Centre Public Seminar, 6 March 2019 (Lewis Turner)
Der „Migrationspakt“ der Vereinten Nationen: Eine globale Antwort auf eine globale Herausforderung? Urania Berlin, 21 January 2019 (Stefan Rother)
State-sanctioned Smuggling of Asylum Seekers back to Indonesia? Illegality within Australia's Border Protection and Deterrence Strategies, Forschungskolloquium Ethnologie, Universität, Luzern, 31 October 2018 (Antje Missbach)
Conference Presentations (selection)
Participatory Research in Forced Migration Research, 3rd Conference of the German Network of Forced Migration Researchers, 17th September 2020, online (Roundtable with Antje Missbach and Franzisca Zanker)
Migration/refugee governance, temporary emplacement and informal forms of refugee protection in the Global South, 3rd Conference of the German Network of Forced Migration Researchers, 18th September 2020, online (Panel with Antje Missbach and Franzisca Zanker)
The Masculinities of Humanitarianism, British International Studies Association (BISA) Annual Conference, London, 12 - 14 June 2019 (Lewis Turner)
External and Internal Pressures for Refugee Protection: Refugees as Political Pawns in Migration Regimes? 8th European Conference on African Studies, Edinburgh, 12 July 2019 (Franzisca Zanker)